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Types of Research

Social-Behavioral Research

Social behavioral research applies the behavioral and social sciences to the study of people's or animals' responses to certain internal and external stimuli. This kind of research is conducted by the following academic disciplines: economics, political science, sociology, psychology, anthropology, and history.

Bio-Medical Research

Biomedical scientists study human physiology and the treatment or understanding of disease. Biomedical research applies the principles of the physical sciences to medicine. Most biomedical research is conducted by physicians or biomedical scientists, but many studies are conducted by biologists, chemists, physicists, and other medical and scientific professionals.

Most biomedical research involves clinical trials, which are phased studies using human volunteers, designed to answer safety and efficacy questions about biologics, devices, pharmaceuticals, new therapies or new ways of using known treatments. Clinical trials are the fastest and safest way to find efficacious treatments for those who need the remedy. Trials are often conducted in stages to obtain useful and required information by testing in a small group initially but expanding greatly once safety and efficacy are demonstrated. Most clinical trials are FDA regulated, but there are some exceptions.