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The agreement of parent(s) or guardian to the participation of their child or ward in research [45 CFR 46.402(c)].

The process (in a living organism) of absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion of a drug or vaccine.

The scientific discipline that studies the action of drugs on living systems (animals or human beings).

A placebo is an inactive pill, liquid, powder, or other intervention that has no treatment value. In clinical trials, experimental treatments are often compared with placebos to assess the treatment's effectiveness.

A method of investigation in which an inactive substance/treatment (the…

The Protection of Pupil Rights Amendment, or PPRA, is a federal law that provides certain rights for parents of students regarding, among other things, student participation in surveys; the inspection of instructional material; certain physical exams; and the collection, disclosure, and use of…

The person who is responsible for the scientific and technical direction of the entire study (for example, for all sites of a multi-site study).

An individual involuntarily confined in a penal institution, including persons: (1) sentenced under a criminal or civil statue; (2) detained pending arraignment, trial, or sentencing; and (3) detained in other facilities (e.g., for drug detoxification or treatment of alcoholism) under statutes…

The person whose case serves as the stimulus for the study of other members of the family to identify the possible genetic factors involved in a given disease, condition, or characteristic.

Preventive or protective; a drug, vaccine, regimen, or device designed to prevent, or provide protection against, a given disease or disorder.

Studies designed to observe outcomes or events that occur subsequent to the identification of the group of subjects to be studied. Prospective studies need not involve manipulation or intervention but may be purely observational or involve only the collection of data.

A document that describes the objective(s), design, methodology, statistical consideration, and organization of a research project.

This public act was approved by the governor and signed into law on 6/22/2000. This bill requires that any human subject research conducted by the University of Illinois' medical school must provide consent in a language understandable to the participant.…